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"Lectio divina is an authentic source of Christian spirituality recommended by our Rule. We therefore practice it every day, so that we may develop a deep and genuine love for it, and so that we may grow in the surpassing knowledge of Christ. In this way we shall put into practice the Apostle Paul’s commandment, which is mentioned in our Rule: “Let the sword of the spirit, the Word of God, live abundantly in your mouth and in your hearts; and whatever you must do, do it in the name of the Lord.”

 Carmelite Constitutions (No. 82)

Lectio Divina: Matthew 13:31-35

Lectio Divina: 
Monday, July 30, 2018

Ordinary Time

1) Opening prayer

God our Father and protector,

without You nothing is holy,

nothing has value.

Guide us to everlasting life

by helping us to use wisely

the blessings You have given to the world.

We ask this through our Lord Jesus Christ, Your Son,

who lives and reigns with You and the Holy Spirit,

one God, for ever and ever. Amen.

2) Gospel Reading - Matthew 13:31-35

Jesus proposed a parable to the crowds. "The Kingdom of heaven is like a mustard seed that a person took and sowed in a field. It is the smallest of all the seeds, yet when full-grown it is the largest of plants. It becomes a large bush, and the 'birds of the sky come and dwell in its branches.'" He spoke to them another parable. "The Kingdom of heaven is like yeast that a woman took and mixed with three measures of wheat flour until the whole batch was leavened." All these things Jesus spoke to the crowds in parables. He spoke to them only in parables, to fulfill what had been said through the prophet: I will open my mouth in parables, I will announce what has lain hidden from the foundation of the world.

3) Reflection

• We are meditating on the discourse on the Parables, which reveals, by means of comparisons, the mystery of the Kingdom of God present in the life of the people. Today’s Gospel presents to us two brief parables: the mustard seed and the yeast. In these, Jesus tells two stories taken from daily life which will serve as terms of comparison to help the people discover the mystery of the Kingdom. When meditating on these two stories it is not necessary to try to discover what each element of the stories try to tell us about the Kingdom. First of all, one must look at the story itself as a whole and try to discover the central point around which the story was constructed. This central point will serve as a means of comparison for revealing the Kingdom of God. Let us try to discover  the central point of the two parables.

• Matthew 13:31-32: The parable of the mustard seed. Jesus says, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed” and then He immediately tells the story: a mustard seed which is very small is cast into the ground. Despite being very small, it grows and becomes larger than other plants and attracts the birds which come and build their nests in it. Jesus does not explain the story. Here applies what He said on another occasion: “Anyone who has ears to hear, let him hear!” That is, “It is this. You have heard, so now try to understand!” It is up to us to discover what the story reveals to us about the Kingdom of God present in our life. Thus, by means of this story of the mustard seed, Jesus urges us to think because each one of us understands something about the seed. Jesus expects that people, all of us, begin to share what each one has discovered. Now, I share three points that I have discovered on the Kingdom, beginning with this parable: (a) Jesus says, "The Kingdom of Heaven is like a mustard seed.” The Kingdom is not something abstract, it is not an idea. It is a presence in our midst (Lk 17:21). What is this presence like? It is like the mustard seed: a very small presence, humble, which can hardly be seen. It is about Jesus, a poor carpenter, who goes through Galilee, speaking about the Kingdom to the people of the towns. The Kingdom of God does not follow the opinions of the great of the world. It has a different way of thinking and proceeding. (b) The prophecy evokes a prophecy of Ezekiel, in which it is said that God will take a small twig of the cedar and will plant it on the mountain of Israel. This small twig of cedar “will bring forth branches and will bear fruit and will become a magnificent cedar. Under it all the birds will live, every kind of birds will rest under it. All the trees of the forest will know that I am the Lord, who humiliated the tall tree and exalted the low one; I dry the green tree and make the dry tree come to life. I the Lord have spoken and I will do it” (Ezek 17:22-23). (c) The mustard seed, even if very small, grows and gives hope. Like the mustard seed, the Kingdom has an interior force and it grows. How does it grow? It grows through the preaching of Jesus and of the disciples in the towns of Galilee. It grows even today, through the witness of the community and becomes good news of God which radiates light and attracts people. The person who gets close to the community feels welcomed, accepted, at home, and builds in it her nest, her dwelling. Finally, the parable leaves a question in the air: who are the birds? The question will receive an answer later in the Gospel. The text suggests that it is a question of the pagans who will be able to enter the Kingdom (Mt 15:21-28).

• Matthew 13:33: The parable of the yeast. The story of the second parable is the following: A woman took a bit of yeast and mixed it with three measures of flour, until it is leavened all through. Once again, Jesus does not explain. He only says, “The Kingdom of Heaven is like the yeast...” As in the first parable, it is up to us to discover the significance which this has for us today. The following are some points which I have discovered and which have made me think: (a) What grows is not the yeast, but the dough. (b) It is a matter of something in a house, well known to a woman in her house. (c) The yeast is mixed up with the pure dough of flour and contains something living. (d) The objective is to have all the dough rise and grow through the beneficial action of the yeast, and not only one part. (e) The yeast is not an end in itself but serves to make the dough grow.

• Matthew 13:34-35: Why Jesus speaks in parables. Here, at the end of the discourse on the Parables, Matthew clarifies the reason which prompted Jesus to teach the people using the form of parables. He says that it was in order that the prophecy would be fulfilled which said, "I will open the mouth to use parables; I will proclaim  things hidden since the creation of the world.” In reality, the text that has been quoted is not of a prophet, but rather it is a Psalm (Ps 78:2). For the first Christians the whole of the Old Testament was a great prophecy which announced in a veiled way the coming of the Messiah and the fulfillment of the promises of God. In Mark 4:33-34, the reason which prompted Jesus to teach the people by means of parables was to adapt the message to the capacity of the people. With these examples taken from the life of the people, Jesus helped the people to discover the things of God in everyday life.  Life then became transparent. He made them perceive that what was extraordinary in God is hidden in the ordinary and common things of daily life. People understood the things of life. In the parables they received the key to open them and to find in them the signs of God. At the end of the discourse on the Parables, in Matthew 13:52, as we shall see later, another reason will be explained why Jesus chose to teach with parables.

4) Personal questions

• Which point of these two parables did you like best or which struck you more? Why?

• What is the seed that without your awareness has grown in you and in your community?

• What other symbolisms can you find for the seed, the bush, the birds, the bush’s relationship with other plants, and the meanings for “dwell”? What insights does this lead you too?

• What other symbolisms can you find for yeast and flour? Is there significance to using “3 measures of flour” in the parable? What insights does this lead you too?

5) Concluding Prayer

I will sing of Your strength,

in the morning acclaim Your faithful love;

You have been a stronghold for me,

a refuge when I was in trouble. (Ps 59:16)

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As Carmelites We live our life of allegiance to Jesus Christ and to serve Him faithfully with a pure heart and a clear conscience through a commitment to seek the face of the living God (the contemplative dimension of life), through prayer, through fraternity, and through service (diakonia). These three fundamental elements of the charism are not distinct and unrelated values, but closely interwoven. 

All of these we live under the protection, inspiration and guidance of Mary, Our Lady of Mount Carmel, whom we honor as "our Mother and sister." 


date | by Dr. Radut