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Bl. Ángel M. Prat Hostench and companions, martyrs

carmeliteshield02 4504 May Optional Memorial (Mandatory memorial in the provinces of Spain)

In 1936, thirty-six Spanish religious, members of various Carmelite communities, gave their lives in defense and witness of their Christian faith and consecration to Jesus Christ.

On July 28, at the Tàrrega railroad station, the twelve religious of the Tarrega community were arrested, taken to the Clots dels Aubens in Cervera and killed at dawn on July 29 while praying to Jesus and the Mother of Carmel. These religious were: Fr. Ángel Maria Prat Hostench, prior, Fr. Eliseo Maria Maneus Besalduch, master of novices, Fr. Anastasio Maria Dorca Coramina, from the community of Olot (Girona) who was in Tàrrega preaching the Novena for the feast of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, Fr. Pedro Maria Ferrer Marin, Andrés Maria Solè Rovira, Juan Maria Puigmitjà Rubió, Miguel Maria Soler Sala, Pedro-Tomás Maria Prat Colledecarrera and the lay brother Eliseo Maria Fontdecaba Quiroga as well as the novices Fr. Elías Maria Garre Egeo and José Maria Escoto Ruíz.

During the night of August 13, in Vic, Barcelona, Sister Maria del Patrocinio de San Jose Badia Flaquer, a nun of the convent of Vic, was arrested and assassinated the same night defending her chastity and testifying her consecration to Christ.

Eufrosino Maria Raga Nadal, a subdeacon and member of the community of Olot, was murdered on October 3.

Fr. Ludovico Maria Ayet Canós and Ángel Maria Prestado Batlle, Carmelites of the community of Terrassa, Barcelona, were arrested on July 21 and sent to the Model Prison in Barcelona. On August 13 they were murdered in the cemetery of Terrassa.

The prior of the community of Olot, Fr. Fernando Maria Llobera Puigsech, was murdered in the pits of Santa Elena de Montjuic (Barcelona) simply because he was a religious.

The process for the beatification of this group was initiated in the diocese of Barcelona in September 1959. On June 26, 2006, the Holy Father, Benedict XVI, signed the decree for their beatification. On October 28, 2007 they were beatified among a group of 498 Spanish martyrs of the 20th century.

On July 1, 2010, the Holy Father, Benedict XVI, ordered to make public the Decree with the Declaration of martyrdom of the Servants of God Carmelo María Moyano Linares and his nine companions of the Province of Betica and of Fr. Alberto María Marco Alemán and eight companions of the Province of Castile. On October 13, 2013 they were beatified in Tarragona together with a group of 522 "Martyrs of the 20th century in Spain".

In the early morning of July 21, the Carmelites of Montoro, Cordoba, were attacked and the four friars who were in the chapel praying were taken to jail. José Mª Mateos Carballido, prior, Fr. Eliseo Mª Durán Cintas, Fray Jaime Mª Carretero Rojas, and Fray Ramón Mª Pérez Sousa.

On July 27 the convent of the Carmelites of Hinojosa del Duque, Cordoba, was assaulted for the first time. José Mª González Delgado, master of the Carmelite minor seminarians, was the only one to be surprised and he was taken to Pueblonuevo (Córdoba) and that same day he gave his life for Jesus Christ.

On August 14 the convent of Hinojosa was attacked again and Fray Antonio Mª Martín Povea and the postulant, Pedro Velasco Narbona, gave their lives for Jesus Christ; they took Fray Eliseo Mª Camargo Montes and Fray José Mª Ruiz Cardeñosa to jail for a few hours, and that same day they gave their lives for Jesus Christ in La Cruz de la Media Legua in Hinojosa del Duque. Carmelo Mª Moyano, who was provincial of the Province of Betica from 1926 to 1932 and was a conventual of Hinojosa del Duque at that time, was also imprisoned on that day. He would give his life for Jesus Christ on September 23, 1936 in the place known as Dehesa del Espíritu Santo in Hinojosa del Duque.

Alberto Mª Marco Alemán, prior of the convent of Ayala, Madrid, was betrayed and after passing through several prisons he would give his life for Jesus Christ on November 24 in Paracuellos del Jarama, Madrid.

On July 27, eight students of philosophy and theology who were in Onda were expelled and went, after many vicissitudes, to Madrid where they would give their lives for Jesus Christ on the dawn of August 18 in Carabanchel Bajo, Madrid. These students were: Friar Daniel María García Antón, Friar Silvano María Villanueva González, Friar Adalberto María Vicente Muñoz, Friar Aurelio María García Antón, Friar Francisco María Pérez Pérez, Friar Ángel María Reguilón Lobato, Friar Bartolomé Fanti María Andrés Vecilla and Friar Ángel María Sánchez Rodríguez.

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